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Phytother Res. 2017 Mar;31(3):347-365. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5759. Epub 2017 Jan 13.

Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology of Ziziphus jujuba Mills.

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Biomedical Sciences Department, Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology Unit, 28805, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alcalá, Ctra. de Madrid-Barcelona (Autovía A2) Km. 33,600, 28805, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.


Ziziphus jujuba Mills, 'annab' in Iran, 'ber' in India or 'pomme sourette' in France, is a species whose fruit (known warmly as 'the fruits of life' in China) has been consumed for centuries for its nutritional value. The food industry used it as a food additive and flavoring. The dry seeds, the crude leaves and the stem bark are still used in ethnopharmacology to treat digestive disorders and gastric ulcers as antitussive, laxative and hypotensive drugs; even now, it is used in China to treat children who suffer from typhoid fever, furuncle and ecthyma. In Taiwan, the dry seeds for the variety spinosa (Suan Zao Ren) are the second most commonly prescribed and used phytomedicine for insomnia. Its popularity and production have increased worldwide in recent years, especially in Europe. The European Pharmacopoeia Commission has been unable to elaborate upon the EP monograph on Ziziphi spinosae semen as was planned. The EMA has not made its recommendations yet. Is it still a gap in the scientific knowledge? Or is difficult for traditional Chinese medicinal herbs to fulfill the style and quality parameters that are required?


Ziziphus jujuba; review; traditional Chinese medicine; var. spinosa

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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