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Pak J Med Sci. 2016 Nov-Dec;32(6):1537-1542. doi: 10.12669/pjms.326.11346.

Assessment of Risk Factors of Obesity and Diet on Breast Cancer in Ankara, Turkey.

Author information

1
Nural Erzurum Alim, Ph.D. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health, Turkey Public Health Institutions, Department of Cancer, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.
2
Prof. Gul Kiziltan, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Baskent University of Health Science Faculty, Etimesgut, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the risk factors of obesity and diet on breast cancer in Ankara, Turkey.

METHODS:

A case-controlled study was carried out on newly diagnosed 40 breast cancer patients [patient group (PC)] and 40 volunteer individuals [control group (CG)] with no diagnosis of cancer and history of cancer in the family with similar characteristics to the age and gender-matched patient group between March and July 2016. All the individuals were administered a questionnaire by face-to-face interview method.

RESULTS:

The mean menarche age, age at first birth and menopause age were 13.0±1.17, 22.6±3.78 and 44.33±2.39 years in PG and 12.3±0.95, 21.6±2.99, 46.71±2.41 years in CG, respectively. The mean BMI values were determined as 28.1±6.75 kg/m2 in PG and 30.1±6.18 kg/m2 in CG (p>0.05). It was determined that intake of vitamin C and fiber decreases the risk of breast cancer. Also, eating quickly and smoking were risk factors for breast cancer (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

This study indicated that there are relationships between menarche age, menopause age, and age at first birth, eating quickly, smoking and breast cancer. Conversely, there are significant negative relationships between dietary fiber, vitamin C intake and breast cancer. As a result, it can be said that there is a link between breast cancer and lifestyle factors and a reduction in the risk of developing breast cancer can be achieved through changes in diet, one of the lifestyle factors.

KEYWORDS:

Body Mass Index; Breast cancer; Dietary habits

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