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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 Dec 5;371(1709). pii: 20150459. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0459.

Emerging oomycete threats to plants and animals.

Author information

1
The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK.
2
Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linné-Weg 10, Cologne 50829, Germany.
3
Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.
4
International Centre for Aquaculture Research and Development, Aberdeen Oomycete Laboratory, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK.
5
The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK sophien.kamoun@tsl.ac.uk.

Abstract

Oomycetes, or water moulds, are fungal-like organisms phylogenetically related to algae. They cause devastating diseases in both plants and animals. Here, we describe seven oomycete species that are emerging or re-emerging threats to agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture and natural ecosystems. They include the plant pathogens Phytophthora infestans, Phytophthora palmivora, Phytophthora ramorum, Plasmopara obducens, and the animal pathogens Aphanomyces invadans, Saprolegnia parasitica and Halioticida noduliformans For each species, we describe its pathology, importance and impact, discuss why it is an emerging threat and briefly review current research activities.This article is part of the themed issue 'Tackling emerging fungal threats to animal health, food security and ecosystem resilience'.

KEYWORDS:

agriculture; disease; environment; food security; parasites; pathogens

PMID:
28080985
PMCID:
PMC5095538
DOI:
10.1098/rstb.2015.0459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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