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Neurol Res. 2017 Mar;39(3):239-247. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2016.1275454. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is safe and effective for the treatment of sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
a Department of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment , Shenzhen People's Hospital , Shenzhen , P. R. China.
2
b Department of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment , Sun Yat-Sen, Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou , P. R. China.
3
c Xinhua College , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , P. R. China.
4
d Department of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment , 2nd Hospital of Longgang District , Shenzhen , China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy on the treatment of sleep disorders and its safety in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

METHODS:

A total of 71 recruited children were divided into two groups based on age: group 1, aged between 2 and 4 years; and group 2, aged between 4 and 6 years. The effects of HBO2 therapy on sleep quality were observed.

RESULTS:

The total sleep items (TSIs) were significantly different in the two groups between pre-HBO2, post 10 HBO2 sessions, and post 20 HBO2 sessions (p < 0.01). A total of 15/38 (39.5%) participants in group 1 and 8/21 (38.0%) in group 2 presented difficulty in falling asleep; 17/38 (44.7%) in group 1 and 4/21 (19.0%) in group 2 had a short duration of sleep during the night; and 20/38 (52.6%) in group 1 and 11/21 (52.4%) in group 2 woke up easily in the night. No significant difference in the average TSIs in 59 participants was found after 10 HBO2 sessions. Eight participants had insomnia after the first 5 sessions, and three in group 2 had nocturnal hyperkinesia after 15 sessions. A seizure during decompression was observed in 2/59 participants (2/419 sessions).

DISCUSSION:

These results indicate that HBO2 therapy is beneficial to improve sleep and is safe for children with CP; however, further studies are necessary to explore the mechanisms of HBO2 on sleep.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebral palsy; excessive somnolence disorder; hyperbaric oxygen treatment/therapy; sleeping

PMID:
28079475
DOI:
10.1080/01616412.2016.1275454
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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