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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2016 Dec;46(6):804-812. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2016.46.6.804.

[Hospital Arrival Rate within Golden Time and Factors Influencing Prehospital Delays among Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea. mubul@kku.ac.kr.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.
5
Department of Public Health Administration, Hanyang Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This research was done to identify the hospital arrival rate and factors related to prehospital delay in arriving at an emergency medical center within the golden time after symptom onset in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS:

Data used in the research was from the National Emergency Department Information System of the National Emergency Medical Center which reported that in 2014, 9,611 patients went to emergency medical centers for acute myocardial infarction. Prehospital time is the time from onset to arrival at an emergency medical center and is analyzed by subdividing arrival and delay based on golden time of 2 hour.

RESULTS:

After onset of acute myocardial infarction, arrival rate to emergency medical centers within the golden time was 44.0%(4,233), and factors related to prehospital delay were gender, age, region of residence, symptoms, path to hospital visit, and method of transportation.

CONCLUSION:

Results of this study show that in 2014 more than half of AMI patients arrive at emergency medical centers after the golden time for proper treatment of AMI. In order to reduce prehospital delay, new policy that reflects factors influencing prehospital delay should be developed. Especially, public campaigns and education to provide information on AMI initial symptoms and to enhance utilizing EMS to get to the emergency medical center driectly should be implemented for patients and/or caregivers.

KEYWORDS:

Emergency medical services; Myocardial infarction; Symptoms

PMID:
28077828
DOI:
10.4040/jkan.2016.46.6.804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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