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Proc Jpn Acad Ser B Phys Biol Sci. 2017;93(1):28-49. doi: 10.2183/pjab.93.003.

Rupture, waves and earthquakes.

Author information

1
School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo.

Abstract

Normally, an earthquake is considered as a phenomenon of wave energy radiation by rupture (fracture) of solid Earth. However, the physics of dynamic process around seismic sources, which may play a crucial role in the occurrence of earthquakes and generation of strong waves, has not been fully understood yet. Instead, much of former investigation in seismology evaluated earthquake characteristics in terms of kinematics that does not directly treat such dynamic aspects and usually excludes the influence of high-frequency wave components over 1 Hz. There are countless valuable research outcomes obtained through this kinematics-based approach, but "extraordinary" phenomena that are difficult to be explained by this conventional description have been found, for instance, on the occasion of the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu, Japan, earthquake, and more detailed study on rupture and wave dynamics, namely, possible mechanical characteristics of (1) rupture development around seismic sources, (2) earthquake-induced structural failures and (3) wave interaction that connects rupture (1) and failures (2), would be indispensable.

PMID:
28077808
PMCID:
PMC5406623
DOI:
10.2183/pjab.93.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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