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Toxicon. 2017 Mar 1;127:37-43. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.01.005. Epub 2017 Jan 8.

St20, a new venomous animal derived natural peptide with immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activities.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China.
2
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Basic Medicine, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Hubei, China.
4
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Basic Medicine, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China.
5
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China; Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Basic Medicine, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Hubei, China. Electronic address: chenzy2005@126.com.

Abstract

Peptide toxins from venomous animals are natural resources with diverse biological functions and therapeutic potential towards human diseases. For venomous scorpions, many valuable peptide toxins have been discovered from Buthidae scorpions, but few works were done about non-buthidae scorpions. Here, we cloned and characterized the first disulfide-bridged toxin peptide St20 from the non-buthidae scorpion Scorpiops tibetanus. St20 has a putative 23-residue signal peptide, followed by a presumed 34-residue mature peptide including 8 cysteines. Sequence alignments and structural analysis suggested that St20 is a new member of α-KTx23 scorpion toxin subfamily with a conserved CSα/β structural fold. Functional studies showed that St20 inhibited human T lymphocyte surface marker CD69 expression and cytokine IL-2 secretion. Beside this, St20 inhibited two important pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α and IFN-γ secretion in the activated human T lymphocyte. Animal experiments showed that the delayed-type hypersensitivity response in rat autoimmune disease model was ameliorated in the present of peptide toxin St20. Together, our results showed that St20 is the first disulfide-bridged toxin peptide from the non-buthidae scorpion Scorpiops tibetanus with immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activities, suggesting that toxins from non-buthidae scorpions might be a new source of peptide drug discovery towards human diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Autoimmune disease; Non-buthidae; Scorpiops tibetanus; Toxin peptide; Venomous animal

PMID:
28077339
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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