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Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2017 Oct 20;37(5):457-467. doi: 10.1080/01942638.2016.1255290. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Effect of Touch Screen Tablet Use on Fine Motor Development of Young Children.

Author information

1
a Department of Occupational Therapy , College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan , Taiwan.
2
b Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan , Taiwan.
3
c Department of Physical Therapy , College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan , Taiwan.
4
d Department of Pediatrics , College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan , Taiwan.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the effects of touch-screen tablet use on the fine motor development of preschool children without developmental delay.

METHODS:

40 children who used a touch-screen tablet more 60 minutes per week for at least 1 month received a 24-week home fine motor activity program using a touch-screen-tablet. 40 children matched for age (mean = 61.0 months) and sex who did not meet the criteria for previous tablet use received a 24-week program consisting of manual play activities. Motor performance was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency. The two-factor mixed design ANOVA was used to compare performance of the touch-screen tablet and non-touch-screen tablet groups.

RESULTS:

Pretest analysis showed no group differences in motor performance and pinch strength. At posttest, children in the nontouch-screen-tablet group made significantly greater changes in fine motor precision (p < 0.001), fine motor integration (p = 0.008), and manual dexterity (p = 0.003).

CONCLUSION:

Using a touch screen tablet extensively might be disadvantageous for the fine motor development of preschool children.

KEYWORDS:

Touch-screen tablet; child development; fine motor; preschool

PMID:
28071977
DOI:
10.1080/01942638.2016.1255290
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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