Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur Urol. 2017 Jun;71(6):896-903. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2016.12.006. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Why and Where do We Miss Significant Prostate Cancer with Multi-parametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging followed by Magnetic Resonance-guided and Transrectal Ultrasound-guided Biopsy in Biopsy-naïve Men?

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: martijn.schouten@radboudumc.nl.
2
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Urology, The Wesley Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Knowledge of significant prostate (sPCa) locations being missed with magnetic resonance (MR)- and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy (Bx) may help to improve these techniques.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the location of sPCa lesions being missed with MR- and TRUS-Bx.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

In a referral center, 223 consecutive Bx-naive men with elevated prostate specific antigen level and/or abnormal digital rectal examination were included. Histopathologically-proven cancer locations, Gleason score, and tumor length were determined.

INTERVENTION:

All patients underwent multi-parametric MRI and 12-core systematic TRUS-Bx. MR-Bx was performed in all patients with suspicion of PCa on multi-parametric MRI (n=142).

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

Cancer locations were compared between MR- and TRUS-Bx. Proportions were expressed as percentages, and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

In total, 191 lesions were found in 108 patients with sPCa. From these lesion 74% (141/191) were defined as sPCa on either MR- or TRUS-Bx. MR-Bx detected 74% (105/141) of these lesions and 61% (86/141) with TRUS-Bx. TRUS-Bx detected more lesions compared with MR-Bx (140 vs 109). However, these lesions were often low risk (39%). Significant lesions missed with MR-Bx most often had involvement of dorsolateral (58%) and apical (37%) segments and missed segments with TRUS-Bx were located anteriorly (79%), anterior midprostate (50%), and anterior apex (23%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Both techniques have difficulties in detecting apical lesions. MR-Bx most often missed cancer with involvement of the dorsolateral part (58%) and TRUS-Bx with involvement of the anterior part (79%).

PATIENT SUMMARY:

Both biopsy techniques miss cancer in specific locations within the prostate. Identification of these lesions may help to improve these techniques.

KEYWORDS:

Biopsy; Cancer; Location; MRI; Prostate

PMID:
28063613
DOI:
10.1016/j.eururo.2016.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center