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Bone Joint Res. 2017 Jan;6(1):14-21. doi: 10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0085.R1.

Parathyroid hormone 1-34 and skeletal anabolic action: The use of parathyroid hormone in bone formation.

Author information

1
Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University College London, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex HA7 4LP, London, UK l.osagie@ucl.ac.uk.
2
Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University College London, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex HA7 4LP, London, UK.
3
Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

Intermittently administered parathyroid hormone (PTH 1-34) has been shown to promote bone formation in both human and animal studies. The hormone and its analogues stimulate both bone formation and resorption, and as such at low doses are now in clinical use for the treatment of severe osteoporosis. By varying the duration of exposure, parathyroid hormone can modulate genes leading to increased bone formation within a so-called 'anabolic window'. The osteogenic mechanisms involved are multiple, affecting the stimulation of osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblasts, osteocytes and the stem cell niche, and ultimately leading to increased osteoblast activation, reduced osteoblast apoptosis, upregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling, increased stem cell mobilisation, and mediation of the RANKL/OPG pathway. Ongoing investigation into their effect on bone formation through 'coupled' and 'uncoupled' mechanisms further underlines the impact of intermittent PTH on both cortical and cancellous bone. Given the principally catabolic actions of continuous PTH, this article reviews the skeletal actions of intermittent PTH 1-34 and the mechanisms underlying its effect.

CITE THIS ARTICLE:

L. Osagie-Clouard, A. Sanghani, M. Coathup, T. Briggs, M. Bostrom, G. Blunn. Parathyroid hormone 1-34 and skeletal anabolic action: The use of parathyroid hormone in bone formation. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:14-21. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0085.R1.

KEYWORDS:

Anabolic; Bone formation; Parathyroid hormone

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