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Acta Med Port. 2016 Sep;29(9):507-513. doi: 10.20344/amp.6626. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Adult Acne: Prevalence and Portrayal in Primary Healthcare Patients, in the Greater Porto Area, Portugal.

Author information

1
Centro Hospitalar de Entre o Douro e Vouga. Santa Maria da Feira. Portugal.
2
Unidade de Cuidados de Saúde Personalizados de Tarouca. Tarouca. Portugal.
3
Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar. Porto. Portugal.
4
Serviço de Radiologia. Universitätsklinikum. Magdeburg. Alemanha.
5
Serviço de Oftalmologia. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisboa. Portugal.
6
Unidade de Saúde Familiar das Conchas. Agrupamentos de Centros de Saúde Lisboa Norte. Lisboa. Portugal.
7
Serviço de Anestesiologia. Hospital do Divino Espírito Santo. Ponta Delgada. Açores. Portugal.
8
Serviço de Psiquiatria. West Midlands Deanery. Birmingham. Reino Unido.
9
Serviço de Saúde Pública. Hospital Vila Maria. São Paulo. Brasil.
10
Hospital de Vila Franca de Xira. Vila Franca de Xira. Portugal.
11
Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Saúde. Universidade Católica do Porto. Porto. Portugal.
12
Clínica Dermatológica Dr. António Massa. Porto. Portugal.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese

INTRODUCTION:

Though typically found in adolescents, acne frequently affects the adult population. In Portugal, no representative studies about acne prevalence in greater populational areas are known. This study had the following objectives: calculate acne prevalence in primary healthcare patients; its characteristics, including risk factors for onset and worsening; collect information concerning selfmedication and/or prescribed treatment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Application of a questionnaire and physical examination into a convenience sample, composed by adults from20 - 60 years old that visited, in random days, five primary healthcare centers of the Greater Porto area.

RESULTS:

From the 1,055 evaluated adults, acne prevalence was estimated at 61.5%. Only 36.8% of acne suffering adults was awareof their condition. More than half of tobacco users (62.3%) had acne. Just 25% of acne sufferers sought treatment. The most affected areas were the malars, differing from the younger disease form.

DISCUSSION:

Acne prevalence was relatively higher than other studies. The results of this study have confirmed that acne seems to be related with increased calorie intake, tobacco smoking, whole milk and fat-reduced milk consumption, hirsutism, alopecia and seborrhea.

CONCLUSION:

In the primary healthcare set, more than half of adults were acne sufferers. These numbers show how important primary healthcare services can be in preventing and intervening when managing acne-related risk factors and psychosocial consequences.

PMID:
28060687
DOI:
10.20344/amp.6626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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