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Phys Rev Lett. 2016 Dec 23;117(26):261801. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.261801. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

Measurement of CP Violation in B^{0}→D^{+}D^{-} Decays.

Aaij R, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Ali S, Alkhazov G, Alvarez Cartelle P, Alves AA, Amato S, Amerio S, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andreassi G, Andreotti M, Andrews JE, Appleby RB, Archilli F, d'Argent P, Arnau Romeu J, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Auriemma G, Baalouch M, Babuschkin I, Bachmann S, Back JJ, Badalov A, Baesso C, Baker S, Baldini W, Barlow RJ, Barschel C, Barsuk S, Barter W, Baszczyk M, Batozskaya V, Batsukh B, Battista V, Bay A, Beaucourt L, Beddow J, Bedeschi F, Bediaga I, Bel LJ, Bellee V, Belloli N, Belous K, Belyaev I, Ben-Haim E, Bencivenni G, Benson S, Benton J, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bertolin A, Betti F, Bettler MO, van Beuzekom M, Bezshyiko I, Bifani S, Billoir P, Bird T, Birnkraut A, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blake T, Blanc F, Blouw J, Blusk S, Bocci V, Boettcher T, Bondar A, Bondar N, Bonivento W, Borgheresi A, Borghi S, Borisyak M, Borsato M, Bossu F, Boubdir M, Bowcock TJ, Bowen E, Bozzi C, Braun S, Britsch M, Britton T, Brodzicka J, Buchanan E, Burr C, Bursche A, Buytaert J, Cadeddu S, Calabrese R, Calvi M, Calvo Gomez M, Camboni A, Campana P, Campora Perez D, Campora Perez DH, Capriotti L, Carbone A, Carboni G, Cardinale R, Cardini A, Carniti P, Carson L, Carvalho Akiba K, Casse G, Cassina L, Castillo Garcia L, Cattaneo M, Cauet C, Cavallero G, Cenci R, Charles M, Charpentier P, Chatzikonstantinidis G, Chefdeville M, Chen S, Cheung SF, Chobanova V, Chrzaszcz M, Cid Vidal X, Ciezarek G, Clarke PE, Clemencic M, Cliff HV, Closier J, Coco V, Cogan J, Cogneras E, Cogoni V, Cojocariu L, Collazuol G, Collins P, Comerma-Montells A, Contu A, Cook A, Coombs G, Coquereau S, Corti G, Corvo M, Costa Sobral CM, Couturier B, Cowan GA, Craik DC, Crocombe A, Cruz Torres M, Cunliffe S, Currie R, D'Ambrosio C, Da Cunha Marinho F, Dall'Occo E, Dalseno J, David PN, Davis A, De Aguiar Francisco O, De Bruyn K, De Capua S, De Cian M, De Miranda JM, De Paula L, De Serio M, De Simone P, Dean CT, Decamp D, Deckenhoff M, Del Buono L, Demmer M, Derkach D, Deschamps O, Dettori F, Dey B, Di Canto A, Dijkstra H, Dordei F, Dorigo M, Dosil Suárez A, Dovbnya A, Dreimanis K, Dufour L, Dujany G, Dungs K, Durante P, Dzhelyadin R, Dziurda A, Dzyuba A, Déléage N, Easo S, Ebert M, Egede U, Egorychev V, Eidelman S, Eisenhardt S, Eitschberger U, Ekelhof R, Eklund L, Elsasser C, Ely S, Esen S, Evans HM, Evans T, Falabella A, Farley N, Farry S, Fay R, Fazzini D, Ferguson D, Fernandez Albor V, Fernandez Prieto A, Ferrari F, Ferreira Rodrigues F, Ferro-Luzzi M, Filippov S, Fini RA, Fiore M, Fiorini M, Firlej M, Fitzpatrick C, Fiutowski T, Fleuret F, Fohl K, Fontana M, Fontanelli F, Forshaw DC, Forty R, Franco Lima V, Frank M, Frei C, Fu J, Furfaro E, Färber C, Gallas Torreira A, Galli D, Gallorini S, Gambetta S, Gandelman M, Gandini P, Gao Y, Garcia Martin LM, García Pardiñas J, Garra Tico J, Garrido L, Garsed PJ, Gascon D, Gaspar C, Gavardi L, Gazzoni G, Gerick D, Gersabeck E, Gersabeck M, Gershon T, 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Kolpin M, Komarov I, Koopman RF, Koppenburg P, Kosmyntseva A, Kozachuk A, Kozeiha M, Kravchuk L, Kreplin K, Kreps M, Krokovny P, Kruse F, Krzemien W, Kucewicz W, Kucharczyk M, Kudryavtsev V, Kuonen AK, Kurek K, Kvaratskheliya T, Lacarrere D, Lafferty G, Lai A, Lambert D, Lanfranchi G, Langenbruch C, Latham T, Lazzeroni C, Le Gac R, van Leerdam J, Lees JP, Leflat A, Lefrançois J, Lefèvre R, Lemaitre F, Lemos Cid E, Leroy O, Lesiak T, Leverington B, Li Y, Likhomanenko T, Lindner R, Linn C, Lionetto F, Liu B, Liu X, Loh D, Longstaff I, Lopes JH, Lucchesi D, Lucio Martinez M, Luo H, Lupato A, Luppi E, Lupton O, Lusiani A, Lyu X, Machefert F, Maciuc F, Maev O, Maguire K, Malde S, Malinin A, Maltsev T, Manca G, Mancinelli G, Manning P, Maratas J, Marchand JF, Marconi U, Marin Benito C, Marino P, Marks J, Martellotti G, Martin M, Martinelli M, Martinez Santos D, Martinez Vidal F, Martins Tostes D, Massacrier LM, Massafferri A, Matev R, Mathad A, Mathe Z, Matteuzzi C, Mauri A, Maurin B, Mazurov A, McCann M, McCarthy J, McNab A, McNulty R, Meadows B, Meier F, Meissner M, Melnychuk D, Merk M, Merli A, Michielin E, Milanes DA, Minard MN, Mitzel DS, Mogini A, Molina Rodriguez J, Monroy IA, Monteil S, Morandin M, Morawski P, Mordà A, Morello MJ, Moron J, Morris AB, Mountain R, Muheim F, Mulder M, Mussini M, Müller D, Müller J, Müller K, Müller V, Naik P, Nakada T, Nandakumar R, Nandi A, Nasteva I, Needham M, Neri N, Neubert S, Neufeld N, Neuner M, Nguyen AD, Nguyen TD, Nguyen-Mau C, Nieswand S, Niet R, Nikitin N, Nikodem T, Novoselov A, O'Hanlon DP, Oblakowska-Mucha A, Obraztsov V, Ogilvy S, Oldeman R, Onderwater CJ, Otalora Goicochea JM, Otto A, Owen P, Oyanguren A, Pais PR, Palano A, Palombo F, Palutan M, Panman J, Papanestis A, Pappagallo M, Pappalardo LL, Parker W, Parkes C, Passaleva G, Pastore A, Patel GD, Patel M, Patrignani C, Pearce A, Pellegrino A, Penso G, Pepe Altarelli M, Perazzini S, Perret P, Pescatore L, Petridis K, Petrolini A, Petrov A, Petruzzo M, 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Collaboration.

Abstract

The CP violation observables S and C in the decay channel B^{0}→D^{+}D^{-} are determined from a sample of proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb^{-1}. The observable S describes CP violation in the interference between mixing and the decay amplitude, and C parametrizes direct CP violation in the decay. The following values are obtained from a flavor-tagged, decay-time-dependent analysis: S=-0.54_{-0.16}^{+0.17}(stat)±0.05(syst), C=0.26_{-0.17}^{+0.18}(stat)±0.02(syst). These values provide evidence for CP violation at a significance level of 4.0 standard deviations. The phase shift due to higher-order standard model corrections is constrained to a small value of Δϕ=-0.16_{-0.21}^{+0.19}  rad.

PMID:
28059544
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.261801
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