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Plant Cell Environ. 2017 Jul;40(7):1104-1114. doi: 10.1111/pce.12904. Epub 2017 Mar 27.

Expression of the UVR8 photoreceptor in different tissues reveals tissue-autonomous features of UV-B signalling.

Author information

1
Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre, Temesvári krt. 62, H-6726, Szeged, Hungary.
2
Department of Botany and Plant Biology, Sciences III, University of Geneva, CH-1211, Geneva 4, Switzerland.
3
Institute of Molecular Plant Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JH, UK.

Abstract

The Arabidopsis UV-B photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) orchestrates the expression of hundreds of genes, many of which can be associated with UV-B tolerance. UV-B does not efficiently penetrate into tissues, yet UV-B regulates complex growth and developmental responses. To unravel to what extent and how UVR8 located in different tissues contributes to UV-B-induced responses, we expressed UVR8 fused to the YELLOW FLUORESCENT PROTEIN (YFP) under the control of tissue-specific promoters in a uvr8 null mutant background. We show that (1) UVR8 localized in the epidermis plays a major role in regulating cotyledon expansion, and (2) expression of UVR8 in the mesophyll is important to protect adult plants from the damaging effects of UV-B. We found that UV-B induces transcription of selected genes, including the key transcriptional regulator ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5), only in tissues that express UVR8. Thus, we suggest that tissue-autonomous and simultaneous UVR8 signalling in different tissues mediates, at least partly, developmental and defence responses to UV-B.

KEYWORDS:

Arabidopsis; tissue specificity; ultraviolet-B

PMID:
28058744
DOI:
10.1111/pce.12904
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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