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J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2017 Jan 5;36(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s13046-016-0480-2.

Oleuropein enhances radiation sensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma by downregulating PDRG1 through HIF1α-repressed microRNA-519d.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolarynogology, The Second People's Hospital of Wuxi, Nanjing Medical University, 68 Zhongshan Road, Wuxi, 214002, China.
2
Department of Otorhinolarynogology, The Second People's Hospital of Wuxi, Nanjing Medical University, 68 Zhongshan Road, Wuxi, 214002, China. xiaodj2125@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oleuropein (OL) is a well-known anti-oxidative agent and is shown to reduce the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (HIF1α) protein expression after radiation. The current study investigated the effects of OL on radiation response in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

METHODS:

Colony formation assay was performed to compare the radiation response in vitro. Xenograft mouse model was used to study the OL effects on radiation in vivo. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays were performed to identify the relations among HIF1α, miR-519d and PDRG1. Stable HIF1α or PDRG1 overexpression, and miR-519d downregulation were performed to test the radiation response both in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS:

OL strongly enhanced radiosensitivity of NPC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays suggested miR-519d was a direct target of HIF1α, and PDRG1 was a direct target of miR-519d. Overexpression of HIF1α or PDRG1, and downregulation of miR-519d abolished the radiation sensitizing effects of OL.

CONCLUSION:

Our study hereby demonstrates OL is a radiation sensitizing agent in NPC both in vivo and in vitro. OL treatment reduces the activity of HIF1α-miR-519d-PDRG1 pathway, which is essential to the radiosensitizing effects of OL.

KEYWORDS:

HIF1α; Nasopharyngeal carcinoma; Oleuropein; Radiation sensitivity; miR-519d

PMID:
28057028
PMCID:
PMC5216549
DOI:
10.1186/s13046-016-0480-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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