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Spinal Cord Ser Cases. 2015 Oct 8;1:15023. doi: 10.1038/scsandc.2015.23. eCollection 2015.

Traumatic pediatric spinal cord injury: long-term outcomes of lower urinary tract function.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, University of Yamanashi Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Chuo, Japan; Department of Urology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
2
Department of Urology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
3
Department of Urology, University of Yamanashi Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Chuo, Japan.

Abstract

Long-term urodynamic and urological outcomes were evaluated in pediatric patients following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The medical charts of three pediatric patients following traumatic SCI were retrospectively reviewed. The level of the injury was cervical in two patients and thoracic in one. Two patients, whose initial urodynamics demonstrated voluntary or reflex detrusor contraction with synergic sphincter relaxation, managed to void; however, urinary management was switched in one of these patients from voiding to clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) with anti-cholinergic agents because of a treatment for urinary incontinence. There were also no episodes of hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) or renal dysfunction in these two patients. Although one patient with hyperreflexic bladder was initially managed with CIC and anti-cholinergic agents, detrusor myectomy was ultimately performed because of severe VUR associated with the progressive worsening of lower urinary tract (LUT) function. Careful follow-ups including urodynamics are mandatory for children with progressively deteriorated LUT function or problematic urinary incontinence.

KEYWORDS:

Paediatrics; Urinary tract

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