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J Neurol. 2017 Jul;264(7):1536-1541. doi: 10.1007/s00415-016-8373-z. Epub 2016 Dec 30.

Focal task specific dystonia: a review and update.

Author information

1
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 5 East 98th Street, Box 1138, First Floor, New York, NY, 10029, USA.
2
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 5 East 98th Street, Box 1138, First Floor, New York, NY, 10029, USA. steven.frucht@mssm.edu.

Abstract

In this review, we summarize recent advances in understanding the etiology, risk factors and pathophysiology of focal task specific dystonia (FTSD), movement disorders characterized by abnormal motor activation during the performance of specific, repetitive actions. We focus on two common FTSD, musician's dystonia and writer's cramp. FTSD may pose a threat to the patient's livelihood, and improved therapeutic treatments are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Focal task specific dystonia (FTSD); Musician's dystonia; Writer's cramp

PMID:
28039522
PMCID:
PMC5502053
DOI:
10.1007/s00415-016-8373-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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