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Int J Dermatol. 2017 Mar;56(3):302-306. doi: 10.1111/ijd.13515. Epub 2016 Dec 30.

Is there a role of food additives in recurrent aphthous stomatitis? A prospective study with patch testing.

Author information

1
Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Ankara, Turkey.
2
University of Virginia Medical Center, Division of Dermatopathology, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common disease of the oral mucosa with an unknown etiology. This study aimed to determine if food additives play a role in the etiology of RAS as well as to determine if patch testing can be used to detect which allergens cause RAS.

METHODS:

This prospective study included 24 patients with RAS and 22 healthy controls. All the participants underwent patch testing for 23 food additives.

RESULTS:

In total, 21 (87.5%) RAS patients and 3 (13.6%) controls had positive patch test reactions to ≥1 allergens; the difference in the patch test positivity rate between groups was significant (P < 0.05). The most common allergen that elicited positive patch test results in the patient group was cochineal red (n = 15 [62.5%]), followed by azorubine (n = 11 [45.8%]) and amaranth (n = 6 [25%]).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings show that food additives might play a role in the etiology of RAS and that patch testing could be a method for determining the etiology of RAS.

PMID:
28035659
DOI:
10.1111/ijd.13515
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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