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J Med Syst. 2017 Feb;41(2):31. doi: 10.1007/s10916-016-0675-2. Epub 2016 Dec 29.

A Multi Directional Perfect Reconstruction Filter Bank Designed with 2-D Eigenfilter Approach: Application to Ultrasound Speckle Reduction.

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S.G.G.S Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vishnupuri, Nanded, 431606, India.
S.G.G.S Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vishnupuri, Nanded, 431606, India.


B-Mode ultrasound images are degraded by inherent noise called Speckle, which creates a considerable impact on image quality. This noise reduces the accuracy of image analysis and interpretation. Therefore, reduction of speckle noise is an essential task which improves the accuracy of the clinical diagnostics. In this paper, a Multi-directional perfect-reconstruction (PR) filter bank is proposed based on 2-D eigenfilter approach. The proposed method used for the design of two-dimensional (2-D) two-channel linear-phase FIR perfect-reconstruction filter bank. In this method, the fan shaped, diamond shaped and checkerboard shaped filters are designed. The quadratic measure of the error function between the passband and stopband of the filter has been used an objective function. First, the low-pass analysis filter is designed and then the PR condition has been expressed as a set of linear constraints on the corresponding synthesis low-pass filter. Subsequently, the corresponding synthesis filter is designed using the eigenfilter design method with linear constraints. The newly designed 2-D filters are used in translation invariant pyramidal directional filter bank (TIPDFB) for reduction of speckle noise in ultrasound images. The proposed 2-D filters give better symmetry, regularity and frequency selectivity of the filters in comparison to existing design methods. The proposed method is validated on synthetic and real ultrasound data which ensures improvement in the quality of ultrasound images and efficiently suppresses the speckle noise compared to existing methods.


Filter banks; Perfect reconstruction; Ultrasound speckle reduction

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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