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Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2017 Mar;77:131-140. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.11.019. Epub 2016 Nov 24.

Rapid effects of dorsal hippocampal G-protein coupled estrogen receptor on learning in female mice.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.
2
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada. Electronic address: echoleri@uoguelph.ca.

Abstract

Through rapid mechanisms of action, estrogens affect learning and memory processes. It has been shown that 17β-estradiol and an Estrogen Receptor (ER) α agonist enhances performance in social recognition, object recognition, and object placement tasks when administered systemically or infused in the dorsal hippocampus. In contrast, systemic and dorsal hippocampal ERβ activation only promote spatial learning. In addition, 17β-estradiol, the ERα and the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) agonists increase dendritic spine density in the CA1 hippocampus. Recently, we have shown that selective systemic activation of the GPER also rapidly facilitated social recognition, object recognition, and object placement learning in female mice. Whether activation the GPER specifically in the dorsal hippocampus can also rapidly improve learning and memory prior to acquisition is unknown. Here, we investigated the rapid effects of infusion of the GPER agonist, G-1 (dose: 50nM, 100nM, 200nM), in the dorsal hippocampus on social recognition, object recognition, and object placement learning tasks in home cage. These paradigms were completed within 40min, which is within the range of rapid estrogenic effects. Dorsal hippocampal administration of G-1 improved social (doses: 50nM, 200nM G-1) and object (dose: 200nM G-1) recognition with no effect on object placement. Additionally, when spatial cues were minimized by testing in a Y-apparatus, G-1 administration promoted social (doses: 100nM, 200nM G-1) and object (doses: 50nM, 100nM, 200nM G-1) recognition. Therefore, like ERα, the GPER in the hippocampus appears to be sufficient for the rapid facilitation of social and object recognition in female mice, but not for the rapid facilitation of object placement learning. Thus, the GPER in the dorsal hippocampus is involved in estrogenic mediation of learning and memory and these effects likely occur through rapid signalling mechanisms.

KEYWORDS:

GPER agonist G-1; GPER30; Object placement; Object recognition; Short-term memory; Social recognition

PMID:
28033587
DOI:
10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.11.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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