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Brain Behav. 2016 Sep 15;6(12):e00576. doi: 10.1002/brb3.576. eCollection 2016 Dec.

Sleep duration and resting fMRI functional connectivity: examination of short sleepers with and without perceived daytime dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology University of Utah Salt Lake City UT USA.
2
Department of Neurology University of Utah Salt Lake City UT USA.
3
Department of Radiology University of Utah Salt Lake City UT USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Approximately 30% of the U.S. population reports recurrent short sleep; however, perceived sleep need varies widely among individuals. Some "habitual short sleepers" routinely sleep 4-6 hr/night without self-reported adverse consequences. Identifying neural mechanisms underlying individual differences in perceived sleep-related dysfunction has important implications for understanding associations between sleep duration and health.

METHOD:

This study utilized data from 839 subjects of the Human Connectome Project to examine resting functional connectivity associations with self-reported short sleep duration, as well as differences between short sleepers with versus without reported dysfunction. Functional connectivity was analyzed using a parcellation covering the cortical, subcortical, and cerebellar gray matter at 5 mm resolution.

RESULTS:

Self-reported sleep duration predicts one of the primary patterns of intersubject variance in resting functional connectivity. Compared to conventional sleepers, both short sleeper subtypes exhibited resting fMRI (R-fMRI) signatures consistent with diminished wakefulness, potentially indicating inaccurate perception of functionality among those denying dysfunction. Short sleepers denying dysfunction exhibited increased connectivity between sensory cortices and bilateral amygdala and hippocampus, suggesting that efficient sleep-related memory consolidation may partly explain individual differences in perceived daytime dysfunction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall, current findings indicate that R-fMRI investigations should include assessment of average sleep duration during the prior month. Furthermore, short sleeper subtype findings provide a candidate neural mechanism underlying differences in perceived daytime impairment associated with short sleep duration.

KEYWORDS:

environmental stimulation; fatigue; resting functional connectivity; sleep duration

PMID:
28031999
PMCID:
PMC5166999
DOI:
10.1002/brb3.576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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