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FASEB J. 2017 Apr;31(4):1516-1530. doi: 10.1096/fj.201601098R. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Inflammatory hypoxia induces syndecan-2 expression through IL-1β-mediated FOXO3a activation in colonic epithelia.

Author information

1
Center for Theragnosis, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Life Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; eunyang@kist.re.kr.
3
The Research Center for Cellular Homeostasis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.
4
Department of Life Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; and.
6
Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.
7
Center for Theragnosis, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, South Korea; eunyang@kist.re.kr.
8
Department of Life Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; ohes@ewha.ac.kr.

Abstract

Chronic inflammation is known to be a key causative factor in tumor progression, but we do not yet fully understand the molecular mechanism through which inflammation leads to cancer. Here, we report that the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mouse model of chronic colitis is associated with increases in the serum level of IL-1β and the colonic epithelial expression of the cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan, syndecan-2. We further show that IL-1β stimulated the transcription of syndecan-2 via NF-κB-dependent FOXO3a activation in CCD841CoN normal colonic epithelial cells and early-stage HT29 colon cancer cells. Inflammatory hypoxia was observed in the colonic epithelia of mice with chronic colitis, suggesting that hypoxic stress is involved in the regulation of syndecan-2 expression. Consistently, experimental inflammatory hypoxia induced hypoxia inducible factor-1α-dependent FOXO3a expression and the p38 MAPK-mediated nuclear localization of FOXO3a. FOXO3a directly mediated syndecan-2 expression in both cell lines and the colonic epithelia of mice with DSS-induced colitis. Moreover, syndecan-2 expression was detected in azoxymethane/DSS-induced colon tumors. Together, these data demonstrate that inflammatory hypoxia up-regulates syndecan-2 via the IL-1β-NF-κB-FOXO3a pathway. These findings provide new mechanistic insights into inflammatory hypoxia-mediated syndecan-2 expression to connect chronic inflammation and the development of colon cancer.-Choi, S., Chung, H., Hong, H., Kim, S. Y., Kim, S.-E., Seoh, J.-Y., Moon, C. M., Yang, E. G., Oh, E.-S. Inflammatory hypoxia induces syndecan-2 expression through IL-1β-mediated FOXO3a activation in colonic epithelia.

KEYWORDS:

FOXO3a; IL-1β; colon cancer

PMID:
28031321
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201601098R
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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