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Int Q Community Health Educ. 2016 Oct;37(1):3-12. doi: 10.1177/0272684X16685249. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Teen Dating Violence Victimization, Perpetration, and Sexual Health Correlates Among Urban, Low-Income, Ethnic, and Racial Minority Youth.

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1 School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2 School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
3 The Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD, USA.


This study explores the associations between teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration, victimization, sexual risk behaviors, and pregnancy among a sample of low-income, urban, and predominately African-American and Latino youth age 15 to 21 years ( N = 513). Findings suggest that youth who experienced TDV victimization were more likely to report inconsistent condom use in the past 12 months ( OR = 1.6) and pregnancy ( OR = 2.2) compared with nonvictimized youth. Youth who reported perpetrating dating violence were more likely to be female ( OR = 3.8) and to report multiple sex partners ( OR = 2.0), inconsistent condom use ( OR = 2.6), and prostitution in the past 12 months ( OR = 6.7). TDV perpetration and victimization were highly associated (χ2 = 127.00, p < .001); that is, 30% of the sample reported both victimization and perpetration in their previous or current romantic relationships. Findings from this study highlight the need to integrate culturally informed TDV prevention and intervention strategies into existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health education programs.


adolescent health; dating violence; minority youth; pregnancy; sexual risk behaviors; victimization and perpetration


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