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N Engl J Med. 2016 Dec 29;375(26):2561-9. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1610497.

Regression of Glioblastoma after Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy.

Author information

1
From the Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, T Cell Therapeutics Research Laboratory (C.E.B., D.A., R.S., L.W., J.R.W., A.N., J.R.O., A.K., S.J.P., X.W., S.J.F.), and the Departments of Information Sciences (M.S.B.), Clinical Research (J.K., J.S.), Neurosurgery (T.L.H., M.C., B.B.), Pathology (M.D.), Diagnostic Radiology (J.A.R.), Developmental and Stem Cell Biology (M.E.B.), and Medical Oncology and Therapeutics Research (J.P.), City of Hope Beckman Research Institute and Medical Center, Duarte, CA; and the Ben Towne Center for Childhood Cancer Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle (M.C.J.).

Abstract

A patient with recurrent multifocal glioblastoma received chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T cells targeting the tumor-associated antigen interleukin-13 receptor alpha 2 (IL13Rα2). Multiple infusions of CAR T cells were administered over 220 days through two intracranial delivery routes - infusions into the resected tumor cavity followed by infusions into the ventricular system. Intracranial infusions of IL13Rα2-targeted CAR T cells were not associated with any toxic effects of grade 3 or higher. After CAR T-cell treatment, regression of all intracranial and spinal tumors was observed, along with corresponding increases in levels of cytokines and immune cells in the cerebrospinal fluid. This clinical response continued for 7.5 months after the initiation of CAR T-cell therapy. (Funded by Gateway for Cancer Research and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02208362 .).

PMID:
28029927
PMCID:
PMC5390684
DOI:
10.1056/NEJMoa1610497
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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