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AAPS J. 2017 Mar;19(2):409-420. doi: 10.1208/s12248-016-0023-y. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Cardiovascular Ion Channel Inhibitor Drug-Drug Interactions with P-glycoprotein.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Georgia, 240 W. Green St., Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA.
2
Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Georgia, 240 W. Green St., Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA. audie@uga.edu.

Abstract

P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that plays a major role in cardiovascular drug disposition by effluxing a chemically and structurally diverse range of cardiovascular therapeutics. Unfortunately, drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with the transporter have become a major roadblock to effective cardiovascular drug administration because they can cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or reduce the efficacy of drugs. Cardiovascular ion channel inhibitors are particularly susceptible to DDIs and ADRs with Pgp because they often have low therapeutic indexes and are commonly coadministered with other drugs that are also Pgp substrates. DDIs from cardiovascular ion channel inhibitors with the transporter occur because of inhibition or induction of the transporter and the transporter's tissue and cellular localization. Inhibiting Pgp can increase absorption and reduce excretion of drugs, leading to elevated drug plasma concentrations and drug toxicity. In contrast, inducing Pgp can have the opposite effect by reducing the drug plasma concentration and its efficacy. A number of in vitro and in vivo studies have already demonstrated DDIs from several cardiovascular ion channel inhibitors with human Pgp and its animal analogs, including verapamil, digoxin, and amiodarone. In this review, Pgp-mediated DDIs and their effects on pharmacokinetics for different categories of cardiovascular ion channel inhibitors are discussed. This information is essential for improving pharmacokinetic predictions of cardiovascular therapeutics, for safer cardiovascular drug administration and for mitigating ADRs emanating from Pgp.

KEYWORDS:

P-glycoprotein; cardiovascular drugs; drug-drug interactions; ion channel inhibitors; pharmacokinetics

PMID:
28028729
PMCID:
PMC6309310
DOI:
10.1208/s12248-016-0023-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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