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J Biol Chem. 2017 Feb 3;292(5):1970-1976. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M116.749754. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

The Transcriptional Corepressor SIN3 Directly Regulates Genes Involved in Methionine Catabolism and Affects Histone Methylation, Linking Epigenetics and Metabolism.

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From the Department of Biological Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202.
From the Department of Biological Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202


Chromatin modification and cellular metabolism are tightly connected. Chromatin modifiers regulate the expression of genes involved in metabolism and, in turn, the levels of metabolites. The generated metabolites are utilized by chromatin modifiers to affect epigenetic modification. The mechanism for this cross-talk, however, remains incompletely understood. The corepressor SIN3 controls histone acetylation through association with the histone deacetylase RPD3. The SIN3 complex is known to regulate genes involved in a number of metabolic processes. Here, we find that Drosophila SIN3 binds to the promoter region of genes involved in methionine catabolism and that this binding affects histone modification, which in turn influences gene expression. Specifically, we observe that reduced expression of SIN3 leads to an increase in S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), which is the major cellular donor of methyl groups for protein modification. Additionally, Sin3A knockdown results in an increase in global histone H3K4me3 levels. Furthermore, decreased H3K4me3 caused by knockdown of either SAM synthetase (Sam-S) or the histone methyltransferase Set1 is restored to near normal levels when SIN3 is also reduced. Taken together, these results indicate that knockdown of Sin3A directly alters the expression of methionine metabolic genes to increase SAM, which in turn leads to an increase in global H3K4me3. Our study reveals that SIN3 is an important epigenetic regulator directly connecting methionine metabolism and histone modification.


Drosophila; S-adenosylmethionine (SAM); SIN3; gene transcription; histone acetylation; histone methylation; methionine

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