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Subst Use Misuse. 2017 Apr 16;52(5):614-623. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2016.1245746. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Challenges to Practicing HIV Sex-Risk Prevention Among People in Continuing Care for Cocaine Addiction.

Author information

1
a School of Social Policy & Practice, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.
2
b Department of Psychiatry , University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.
3
c Department of Applied Psychology , New York University , New York , New York , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intimate partnerships are discouraged during early recovery, despite research that highlights their capacity to be resources for change.

OBJECTIVE:

This study seeks to provide descriptions of intimate partnerships and how such partnerships challenge and/or support minimizing HIV sex-risk among participants in continuing care for cocaine addiction in order to inform substance use programming.

METHODS:

Forty-two recorded continuing care counseling sessions of 33 people who discussed HIV sex-risk behavior were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis. This sample was derived from a larger randomized controlled trial that looked at the impact of a continuing care intervention for people with cocaine use problems.

RESULTS:

Although participants expressed the desire for a primary intimate partnership, casual intimate partnerships that often involved HIV sex-risk behavior were more prevalent. Challenges to having a primary intimate partner included the belief that intimate partnerships do not support recovery, difficulty in developing friendships with women among heterosexual men, and the ubiquity of drug use and sex work in home environments with limited economic opportunity. Despite these challenges, some participants reported having primary intimate partners that supported their recovery through open communication.

CONCLUSION:

Clinicians providing substance use interventions can consider encouraging components of intimate partnerships that support recovery. In addition, the strong environmental influence on individual HIV sex-risk behavior should be considered in delivering any substance use intervention.

KEYWORDS:

HIV sex-risk; cocaine; continuing care; substance use

PMID:
28026981
PMCID:
PMC5584642
DOI:
10.1080/10826084.2016.1245746
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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