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Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Rep. 2016 Dec;5(1):44-46. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1584513. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

3D Heart Model and 4D Flow MRI 20 Years after Spiral Arterial Switch Operation.

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Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Luebeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Kheradvar Research Group, Edwards Lifesciences Center for Advanced Cardiovascular Technology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California, United States.
Department of Congenital Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.


Case of a patient is presented here 20 years after spiral direct anastomosis of the great arteries in an arterial switch operation. Three-dimensional model of the heart combined with four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging presents a novel comprehensive way to assess surgical results.


magnetic resonance imaging; physiological spiral anastomosis; transposition of great arteries

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