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Clin Calcium. 2017;27(1):107-115. doi: CliCa1701107115.

[Effects of exercise and sports on bone health in pre- and postmenopausal women.]

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan.


Exercise and sports are an important means of improving bone health in pre- and postmenopausal women. Generally accepted strategies to improve bone health in this population aim to minimize age-related bone loss. In terms of physical activity, those forms that feature high-impact or weight-bearing activity appear to exert positive influences on bone health. Results of recent meta-analyses have shown that high-impact exercise significantly improves bone mineral density(BMD)in pre- and postmenopausal women. Studies have also shown that walking as an exercise therapy for more than 6 months exerts significant and positive effects on femoral neck BMD in peri- and postmenopausal women. Exercise and sports can be strongly recommended as non-pharmacologic interventions for improving bone health in pre- and postmenopausal women.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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