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Am J Cardiol. 1989 Oct 17;64(15):8H-15H.

Effects of intravenous and intracoronary nicardipine.

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Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville.


The systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of nicardipine, a calcium antagonist, were studied in 30 patients. Increased coronary blood flow (from 102 +/- 9 to 147 +/- 13 ml/min; p less than 0.001), heart rate (from 69 +/- 3 to 81 +/- 3 beats/min; p less than 0.001), stroke volume (108 +/- 6 to 123 +/- 6 ml; p less than 0.001) and cardiac output (from 7.3 +/- 0.5 to 9.9 +/- 0.5 liters/min; p less than 0.001) were demonstrated in 15 patients administered intravenous nicardipine (2 mg bolus given over 1 minute, followed by infusion of 50 micrograms/min to maintain 10 to 20 mm Hg decrease in systolic blood pressure). Systemic vascular resistance decreased (from 1,183 +/- 70 to 733 +/- 33 dynes s cm-5) as did coronary resistance (from 1.47 +/- 0.1 to 0.7 +/- 0.1 mm Hg/ml/min; p less than 0.001). Other hemodynamic parameters such as left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, stroke volume and work, aortic blood flow and acceleration, ejection and external power, myocardial oxygen consumption and time constant for left ventricular isovolumic relaxation also were evaluated. To distinguish between direct myocardial effects of nicardipine and peripheral effects, 15 patients were given intracoronary nicardipine (0.1 or 0.2 mg) during cardiac catheterization. Nicardipine produced slight depression of left ventricular contractile function and impairment of left ventricular relaxation; but these changes were mild and transient compared with the marked and sustained increase in coronary blood flow that persisted 7 minutes after administration. Thus, nicardipine is a relatively selective vasodilator with minimal direct myocardial depressant activity n humans.

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