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Angle Orthod. 1978 Jul;48(3):175-86.

Equilibrium theory revisited: factors influencing position of the teeth.

Abstract

The major primary factors in the dental equilibrium appear to be resting pressures of tongue and lips, and forces created within the periodontal membrane, analogous to the forces of eruption. Forces from occlusion probably also play a role in the vertical position of teeth by affecting eruption. Respiratory needs influence head, jaw and tongue posture and thereby alter the equilibrium. "Deviate swallowing" is more likely to be an adaptation than a cause of tooth changes. Patients with failure of eruption have been recognized and alterations in the eruption mechanism may be more important clinically than has been recognized previously.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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