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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2017 Feb;45(2):178-182. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2016.11.007. Epub 2016 Nov 19.

Comparison of skeletal stability after sagittal split ramus osteotomy among mono-cortical plate fixation, bi-cortical plate fixation, and hybrid fixation using absorbable plates and screws.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Head: Prof. Dr. K Ueki), Division of Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan. Electronic address: kueki@yamanashi.ac.jp.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Head: Prof. Dr. K Ueki), Division of Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to examine skeletal stability and plate breakage after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) with the mono-cortical plate fixation, bi-cortical plate fixation, and hybrid fixation techniques using absorbable plates and screws.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 76 Japanese patients diagnosed with mandibular prognathism with and without maxillary deformity were divided into 3 groups randomly. A total of 28 patients underwent SSRO with mono-cortical plate fixation, 23 underwent SSRO with bi-cortical plate fixation, and 25 underwent SSRO with hybrid fixation. Skeletal stability and horizontal condylar angle were analyzed by axial, frontal, and lateral cephalograms from before the operation to 1 year postoperatively. Breakage of the plate and screws was observed by 3-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) immediately after surgery and after 1 year.

RESULTS:

Although there was a significant difference between the mono-cortical plate fixation group and hybrid fixation group regarding right MeAg in T1 (P = 0.0488) and occlusal plane in T1 (P = 0.0346), there were no significant differences between the groups for the other measurements in each time interval. In 2 cases, namely, 6 sides in the mono-cortical plate fixation group, breakage of the absorbable plate was found by 3DCT. However, there was no breakage in the bi-cortical plate fixation group and hybrid fixation group.

CONCLUSION:

This study results suggested that there were no significant differences in the postoperative skeletal stability among the 3 groups, and bi-cortical fixation as well as hybrid fixation was a reliable and useful method to prevent plate breakage even if an absorbable material was used.

KEYWORDS:

Absorbable plate; Bi-cortical plate fixation; Hybrid fixation; Mono-cortical plate fixation; Sagittal split ramus osteotomy

PMID:
28011183
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcms.2016.11.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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