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Plant J. 2017 Mar;89(6):1174-1183. doi: 10.1111/tpj.13454. Epub 2017 Feb 11.

The putative kinase substrate MUSE7 negatively impacts the accumulation of NLR proteins.

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Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
College of Life Science, Agricultural University of Hebei, 071000 Baoding, China.
Department of Plant Cell Biology, Georg-August-University, 37077, Goettingen, Germany.


Stringent modulation of immune signaling in plants is necessary to enable a rapid response to pathogen attack without spurious defense activation. To identify genes involved in plant immunity, a forward genetic screen for enhancers of the autoimmune snc1 (suppressor of npr1, constitutive 1) mutant was conducted. The snc1 mutant contains a gain-of-function mutation in a gene encoding a NOD-like receptor (NLR) protein. The isolated muse7 (mutant, snc1-enhancing, 7) mutant was shown to confer a reversion to autoimmune phenotypes in the wild-type-like mos4 (modifier of snc1, 4) snc1 background. Positional cloning revealed that MUSE7 encodes an evolutionarily conserved putative kinase substrate of unknown function. The muse7 single mutants display enhanced resistance to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000. While transcription of SNC1 is not enhanced, elevated SNC1 protein accumulation is associated with mutations in muse7. Accumulation of two additional NLR proteins, RPS2 (RESISTANCE TO PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE 2) and RPM1 (RESISTANCE TO PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE pv. MACULICOLA 1), was also observed in muse7 plants. Although proteasome-mediated degradation of NLR proteins is a well studied event in plant immunity, no interactions were detected between MUSE7 and selected components of this pathway. This study has demonstrated a role for MUSE7 in modulating plant immune responses through negatively affecting NLR accumulation, and will benefit future studies of MUSE7 homologs in other species.


Arabidopsis thaliana ; MUSE7; NLR; SNC1; plant immunity; protein accumulation; resistance

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