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Respir Med. 2017 Jan;122:23-29. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2016.11.015. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Addition of vitamin B12 to exercise training improves cycle ergometer endurance in advanced COPD patients: A randomized and controlled study.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Respiratory Pathophysiology (LAFIR), Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, MS, Brazil. Electronic address: didivipa@hotmail.com.
2
Laboratory of Respiratory Pathophysiology (LAFIR), Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, MS, Brazil; Department of Physical Education, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: azagatto@yahoo.com.br.
3
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Brasilia (UnB), Brasilia, Brazil. Electronic address: gaspar.chiappa@gmail.com.
4
Laboratory of Respiratory Pathophysiology (LAFIR), Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, MS, Brazil. Electronic address: paulo.muller@ufms.br.

Abstract

Vitamin B12 is essential in the homocysteine, mitochondrial, muscle and hematopoietic metabolisms, and its effects on exercise tolerance and kinetics adjustments of oxygen consumption (V'O2p) in rest-to-exercise transition in COPD patients are unknown. This randomized, double-blind, controlled study aimed to verify a possible interaction between vitamin B12 supplementation and these outcomes. After recruiting 69 patients, 35 subjects with moderate-to-severe COPD were eligible and 32 patients concluded the study, divided into four groups (n = 8 for each group): 1. rehabilitation group; 2. rehabilitation plus B12 group; 3. B12 group; and 4. placebo group. The primary endpoint was cycle ergometry endurance before and after 8 weeks and the secondary endpoints were oxygen uptake kinetics parameters (time constant). The prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency was high (34.4%) and there was a statistically significant interaction (p < 0.05), favoring a global effect of supplementation on exercise tolerance in the supplemented groups compared to the non-supplemented groups, even after adjusting for confounding variables (p < 0.05). The same was not found for the kinetics adjustment variables (τV'O2p and MRTV'O2p, p > 0.05 for both). Supplementation with vitamin B12 appears to lead to discrete positive effects on exercise tolerance in groups of subjects with more advanced COPD and further studies are needed to establish indications for long-term supplementation.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic obstructive lung disease; Endurance; Nutrition; Oxygen uptake kinetics; Vitamin B12

PMID:
27993287
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2016.11.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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