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Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2017 Mar;205:8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.12.014. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Effects of first exogenous nutrients on the mRNA levels of atrogin-1/MAFbx and GLUT1 in the skeletal muscles of newly hatched chicks.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan. Electronic address: ijiri@chem.agri.kagoshima-u.ac.jp.
2
Department of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.
3
Division of Animal Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO, 2 Ikenodai, Tsukuba 305-0901, Japan.
4
Department of Life and Environmental Science, Kagoshima Prefectural College, 1-52-1 Shimoishiki, Kagoshima 890-0005, Japan.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of first exogenous nutrients on the mRNA levels of muscle atrophy F-box (atrogin-1/MAFbx) and glucose transporters (GLUTs) in the skeletal muscles of newly hatched chicks with no feed experience. In experiment 1, newly hatched chicks had free access to feed or were fasted for the first 24h. The chicks having free access to feed for the first 24h increased their body weight and had decreased atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA levels in their sartorius and pectoralis major muscles compared with the fasted chicks. In experiment 2, newly hatched chicks received a single feed via intubation into the crop. Three hours after intubation, levels of atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA in the sartorius muscle were decreased whereas the plasma insulin concentration and phosphorylated AKT levels in the sartorius muscle were increased. In addition, the mRNA levels of GLUT1 and GLUT8 were increased in the sartorius muscle after the intubation. However, in the pectoralis major muscle, AKT phosphorylation and levels of atrogin-1/MAFbx, GLUT1 and GLUT8 mRNA were not affected 3h after intubation. The first exogenous nutrients increased the level of phosphorylated AKT in the sartorius muscle of newly hatched chicks, possibly because of the decrease in atrogin-1/MAFbx mRNA levels. Furthermore, the sartorius muscle in newly hatched chicks appeared to be more susceptible to the first feed compared with the pectoralis major muscle.

KEYWORDS:

AKT; Atrogin-1/MAFbx; Glucose transporter; Neonatal chicks; Skeletal muscle

PMID:
27989496
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.12.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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