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Epilepsy Behav. 2017 May;70(Pt B):292-297. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.09.040. Epub 2016 Dec 15.

Cannabis and epilepsy: An ancient treatment returns to the fore.

Author information

1
PHYTECS, 1875 Century Park East, Suite 2250, Los Angeles, CA 90067, USA. Electronic address: ethanrusso@comcast.net.

Abstract

Cannabis has been associated with the treatment of epilepsy throughout history, and if ancient Assyrian sources referring to "hand of ghost" are considered credible, this relationship may span four millennia. A tradition of usage continued in Arabic medicine and Ayurvedic practice in India, which led, in turn, to early experiments in Europe and North America with "Indian hemp." Lack of standardization, bioavailability issues, and ultimately prohibition were all factors in cannabis-based medicines failing to maintain mainstream usage in seizure treatment, but investigation was resumed in the 1970s with interesting signals noted in both laboratory and clinical settings. Early case studies showed promise, but lacked sufficient rigor. Resumption of research coupled with mass experimentation by families of epilepsy patients has led to intense interest in cannabis-based medicines for its treatment once more, with greatest focus on cannabidiol, but additional investigation of tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, and other phytocannabinoids. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Cannabinoids and Epilepsy".

KEYWORDS:

Cannabidiol; Cannabis; Epilepsy; Marijuana; Seizure disorder; Tetrahydrocannabinol

PMID:
27989385
DOI:
10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.09.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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