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Int J Public Health. 2017 May;62(4):495-502. doi: 10.1007/s00038-016-0919-4. Epub 2016 Dec 17.

Cross-sectional and prospective relationship between physical activity and chronic diseases in European older adults.

Author information

1
Centro Interdisciplinar de Estudo da Performance Humana, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
2
Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
3
Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
4
Laboratório de Pedagogia, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana e UIDEF, Instituto de Educação, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal. jfigueiramartins@gmail.com.
5
William James Center for Research, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisbon, Portugal.
6
George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St. Louis, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013.

METHODS:

Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants' answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models.

RESULTS:

Among men and women, moderate or vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In prospective analysis, MVPA in 2011 was inversely associated with the number of chronic diseases in 2013 in the unadjusted model. In the adjusted model MVPA more than once a week remained as a significant predictor of fewer chronic diseases.

CONCLUSIONS:

PA should be prescribed to older adults in order to prevent and reduce the number of chronic diseases, and, when possible, vigorous intensity PA should be recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Exercise; Older people vigorous physical activity; Public health; SHARE

PMID:
27988796
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-016-0919-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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