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J Voice. 2017 Jul;31(4):470-475. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.11.011. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Laryngeal Mucosal Reaction during Bronchial Histamine Challenge Test Visualized by Videolaryngostroboscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Phoniatrics, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: maaria.ansaranta@gmail.com.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Phoniatrics, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
3
Inflammation Centre, Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:

To examine the changes in the larynx, as well as self-reported voice and throat symptoms, among patients undergoing a histamine challenge test. Thus, to understand the possible clinical effects of histamine on the larynx.

STUDY DESIGN:

Controlled, open prospective study.

METHODS:

Thirty adult patients with prolonged cough and suspicion of bronchial asthma underwent a histamine challenge test. Videolaryngostroboscopy was performed immediately before and after the challenge. Voice and throat symptoms immediately before and after the challenge test were assessed using a visual analog scale.

RESULTS:

Videolaryngostroboscopy after exposure showed significant increases in edema (P < 0.001) as well as redness (P < 0.001) of the vocal folds after the exposure. Self-reported voice complaints increased significantly for 8 of 11 symptoms. A moderate positive correlation was found between the increase in edema of the vocal folds and reported heartburn/regurgitation symptoms (r = 0.42, P < 0.05). Atopy, asthma, nasal symptoms, or bronchial hyperreactivity during the histamine challenge test were not associated with laryngeal reactions.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to the results, the laryngeal mucosal reaction during a histamine challenge test can be objectively visualized. Videolaryngostroboscopy findings, together with an increase in self-reported voice and throat symptoms, show that histamine has potential effects on vocal folds. The mucosal reaction seems to be pronounced among patients with reflux symptoms, probably reflecting the permeability features of the vocal folds.

KEYWORDS:

Allergy; Edema; Permeability; Reflux; Vocal fold

PMID:
27988066
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.11.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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