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Public Health. 1989 Sep;103(5):331-5.

An evaluation of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in a population of Yorkshire infants.

Abstract

In October 1988 combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination replaced monocomponent measles as part of the routine childhood vaccination programme in the United Kingdom. Prior to this policy change a study was undertaken in 335 children aged 15 months, to evaluate the clinical reactions and immunogenicity of the new combined MMR vaccine (Trimovax, Immravax, Merieux), in comparison with an established monocomponent measles vaccine (Rouvax, Merieux). Parents were asked to select whether their child should receive MMR vaccine or measles monocomponent; over 95% chose MMR. Children who were given the MMR vaccine had seroconversion rates of 96% for measles, 97% for mumps and 100% for rubella, whilst those who received monocomponent measles vaccine had a seroconversion rate of 100%. The number of side effects reported was similar with both vaccines; all were mild and self-limiting. The results from this study confirm the efficacy and low reactogenicity of MMR vaccine and support its use as part of the routine childhood immunisation programme in the United Kingdom.

PMID:
2798746
DOI:
10.1016/s0033-3506(89)80002-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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