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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2017 Mar 1;312(3):H459-H468. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00498.2016. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Differential effects of Mas receptor deficiency on cardiac function and blood pressure in obese male and female mice.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
2
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky; and.
3
Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
4
Department of Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky; lcassis@uky.edu.

Abstract

Angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)] acts at Mas receptors (MasR) to oppose effects of angiotensin II (ANG II). Previous studies demonstrated that protection of female mice from obesity-induced hypertension was associated with increased systemic ANG-(1-7), whereas male obese hypertensive mice exhibited increased systemic ANG II. We hypothesized that MasR deficiency (MasR-/- ) augments obesity-induced hypertension in males and abolishes protection of females. Male and female wild-type (MasR+/+ ) and MasR-/- mice were fed a low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) diet for 16 wk. MasR deficiency had no effect on obesity. At baseline, male and female MasR-/- mice had reduced ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening than MasR+/+ mice. Male, but not female, HF-fed MasR+/+ mice had increased systolic and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures compared with LF-fed controls. In HF-fed females, MasR deficiency increased DBP compared with LF-fed controls. In contrast, male HF-fed MasR-/- mice had lower DBP than MasR+/+ mice. We quantified cardiac function after 1 mo of HF feeding in males of each genotype. HF-fed MasR-/- mice had higher left ventricular (LV) wall thickness than MasR+/+ mice. Moreover, MasR+/+ , but not MasR-/- , mice displayed reductions in EF from HF feeding that were reversed by ANG-(1-7) infusion. LV fibrosis was reduced in HF-fed MasR+/+ but not MasR-/- ANG-(1-7)-infused mice. These results demonstrate that MasR deficiency promotes obesity-induced hypertension in females. In males, HF feeding reduced cardiac function, which was restored by ANG-(1-7) in MasR+/+ but not MasR-/- mice. MasR agonists may be effective therapies for obesity-associated cardiovascular conditions.NEW & NOTEWORTHY MasR deficiency abolishes protection of female mice from obesity-induced hypertension. Male MasR-deficient obese mice have reduced blood pressure and declines in cardiac function. ANG-(1-7) infusion restores obesity-induced cardiac dysfunction of wild-type, but not MasR-deficient, male mice. MasR agonists may be cardioprotective in obese males and females.

KEYWORDS:

angiotensin-(1–7); hypertension; obesity

PMID:
27986659
PMCID:
PMC5402015
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00498.2016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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