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Acta Trop. 2017 Mar;167:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.011. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Magnitude of viremia, antigenemia and infection of circulating monocytes in children with mild and severe dengue.

Author information

1
Programa de Medicina, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia.
2
Programa de Medicina, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia; Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario de Neiva, Neiva, Colombia.
3
Programa de Medicina, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia. Electronic address: cfnarvaez@usco.edu.co.

Abstract

Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical regions around the world. Viral and immune host factors determine the clinical courses of the infection. We analyzed the dynamics of viremia (by real-time polymerase chain reactions), antigenemia (through detection of the viral non-structural protein [NS]-1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) and the frequency of virus-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) (by multiparametric flow cytometry) in children with primary or secondary dengue virus (DENV) infection in mild to severe cases. Additionally, we evaluated the association of these factors with clinical severity and laboratory parameters. The levels of viremia and antigenemia peaked during the early days of illness and these viral parameters were correlated (rho=0.37, P=0.003). Circulating monocytes were the most naturally infected subset within the PBMCs population, with kinetics similar to those of viremia and antigenemia. The levels of viremia and antigenemia were higher in children with primary infections than in those with secondary infections (P≤0.04). Although there were no associations between the three evaluated factors and clinical severity, the levels of plasma NS1 and the frequency of dengue virus-infected monocytes correlated with prolonged coagulation times. In short, the viremia, antigenemia and infected monocytes were detected early and were not related to clinical severity. The magnitude of antigenemia and infected circulating monocytes was associated with coagulation disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Dengue; Monocytes; NS1; Pediatric; Viremia

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