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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1989 Apr;32(4):1017-23.

Behavioral interaction between cocaine and caffeine: a drug discrimination analysis in rats.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190.


The effects of caffeine upon the discriminative and rate-altering effects of cocaine were examined in rats. Using a food-reinforced two-lever operant procedure, 12 Sprague-Dawley male rats were trained to discriminate between 10 mg/kg cocaine and saline. Stimulus generalization tests with both cocaine and amphetamine resulted in a dose-related increase in cocaine-appropriate responding. A variable response rate topography was produced by cocaine. Caffeine also engendered a dose-related increase in cocaine-appropriate responding and resulted in a potency ratio of 15:1 when compared to cocaine. In contrast, increasing doses of caffeine produced a biphasic response rate function (first increases and then decreases). Response choice data suggested a potency relationship of amphetamine greater than cocaine greater than caffeine. Caffeine potentiated the discriminative stimulus properties of cocaine. Isobolographic analysis characterized this interaction as simple additivity. However, caffeine's effects upon the rate-altering effects of cocaine resulted in a biphasic interaction pattern. With low doses of cocaine in combination with various doses of caffeine, the interaction for rate reduction is best categorized as "supra-additive," in contrast, increasing either the cocaine dose or caffeine dose could change the interaction to simple additivity and/or infra-additivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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