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Child Dev. 2017 Sep;88(5):1563-1571. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12695. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

The "Batman Effect": Improving Perseverance in Young Children.

Author information

1
Hamilton College and University of Pennsylvania.
2
University of Minnesota.
3
University of Michigan.
4
University of Pennsylvania.

Abstract

This study investigated the benefits of self-distancing (i.e., taking an outsider's view of one's own situation) on young children's perseverance. Four- and 6-year-old children (N = 180) were asked to complete a repetitive task for 10 min while having the option to take breaks by playing an extremely attractive video game. Six-year-olds persevered longer than 4-year-olds. Nonetheless, across both ages, children who impersonated an exemplar other-in this case a character, such as Batman-spent the most time working, followed by children who took a third-person perspective on the self, or finally, a first-person perspective. Alternative explanations, implications, and future research directions are discussed.

PMID:
27982409
DOI:
10.1111/cdev.12695
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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