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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2016 Dec 8;24:e2821. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.1317.2821.

Epinephrine in cardiac arrest: systematic review and meta-analysis.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish; Abstract available in Portuguese and Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Córdoba, Spain. Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.
2
Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.
3
Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Córdoba, Spain. Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese, Spanish

Objective:

evaluate the effectiveness of epinephrine used during cardiac arrest and its effect on the survival rates and neurological condition.

Method:

systematic review of scientific literature with meta-analysis, using a random effects model. The following databases were used to research clinical trials and observational studies: Medline, Embase and Cochrane, from 2005 to 2015.

Results:

when the Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC) with administration of epinephrine was compared with ROSC without administration, increased rates were found with administration (OR 2.02. 95% CI 1.49 to 2.75; I2 = 95%). Meta-analysis showed an increase in survival to discharge or 30 days after administration of epinephrine (OR 1.23; 95% IC 1.05-1.44; I2=83%). Stratification by shockable and non-shockable rhythms showed an increase in survival for non-shockable rhythm (OR 1.52; 95% IC 1.29-1.78; I2=42%). When compared with delayed administration, the administration of epinephrine within 10 minutes showed an increased survival rate (OR 2.03; 95% IC 1.77-2.32; I2=0%).

Conclusion:

administration of epinephrine appears to increase the rate of ROSC, but when compared with other therapies, no positive effect was found on survival rates of patients with favorable neurological status.

PMID:
27982306
PMCID:
PMC5171778
DOI:
10.1590/1518-8345.1317.2821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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