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Org Lett. 2016 Dec 16;18(24):6432-6435. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

Rh(II)/Mg(OtBu)2-Catalyzed Tandem One-Pot Synthesis of 1,4-Oxazepines and 1,4-Oxazines from N-Sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles and Glycidols.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Nano Science (BK Plus), Ewha Womans University , Seoul 120-750, Korea.

Abstract

A novel, one-pot route for the synthesis of nonaromatic ring-fused 1,4-oxazepines and 1,4-oxazines has been developed. The reaction features a sequential rhodium(II)-catalyzed reaction of N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles with glycidols, followed by a regioselective Lewis acid Mg(OtBu)2-catalyzed intramolecular ring-opening reaction. It has been found that the regioselectivity in the epoxide ring-opening was largely determined by the substituents on the glycidols. Thus, substituted glycidols (R2 ≠ H) afforded seven-membered oxazepine derivatives selectively, while unsubstituted glycidols (R2 = H) afforded six-membered oxazine derivatives. Plausible reaction pathways are elucidated and supported by experiments with several glycidols bearing different substituents around the epoxide functionality.

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