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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Feb 1;102(2):350-353. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-3171.

New JAG1 Mutation Causing Alagille Syndrome Presenting With Severe Hypercholesterolemia: Case Report With Emphasis on Genetics and Lipid Abnormalities.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136; and.
2
Department of Clinical Genetics, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, Florida 33155.

Abstract

Context:

Alagille syndrome is a rare autosomal-dominant genetic disorder caused by defects in the Notch signaling pathway, which involves multiple organ systems. Bile duct paucity is the main characteristic feature of the disease, which often leads to cholestatic hypercholesterolemia.

Case Description:

We report the case of a male infant who had developed failure to thrive, jaundice, intermittent pruritus, and multiple diffuse symmetrical skin xanthomas at 1 year of age. He was diagnosed with pulmonary stenosis, butterfly vertebrae of T4, T6, and T8; horseshoe kidney, and embryotoxon in the left eye. Laboratory workup revealed severe hypercholesterolemia. Alagille syndrome was suspected and confirmed by genetic testing, which identified a previously undescribed frameshift pathogenic heterozygous variant in the JAG1 gene, p.Arg486Lysfs*5.

Conclusions:

Here, we report a unique case of a patient diagnosed with Alagille syndrome who was found to have a previously undescribed frameshift pathogenic mutation in the JAG1 gene and who presented with xanthomatosis and levels of hypercholesterolemia more than 2 times higher than those previously reported in the literature. We also provide a review of the different pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with the increase in serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations seen in cholestatic liver disease in general and in Alagille syndrome in particular.

PMID:
27967296
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2016-3171
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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