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J Phys Chem Lett. 2017 Jan 5;8(1):137-143. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b02684. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Temperature-Induced Lattice Relaxation of Perovskite Crystal Enhances Optoelectronic Properties and Solar Cell Performance.

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  • 1King Abdullah University of Science and Technology , KAUST Solar Center, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 2King Abdullah University of Science and Technology , Functional Materials Design, Discovery and Development Research Group, Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 3King Abdullah University of Science and Technology , Photonics Laboratory, Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering Division, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 4Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford , Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6GG, United Kingdom.


Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite crystals have recently become one of the most important classes of photoactive materials in the solar cell and optoelectronic communities. Albeit improvements have focused on state-of-the-art technology including various fabrication methods, device architectures, and surface passivation, progress is yet to be made in understanding the actual operational temperature on the electronic properties and the device performances. Therefore, the substantial effect of temperature on the optoelectronic properties, charge separation, charge recombination dynamics, and photoconversion efficiency are explored. The results clearly demonstrated a significant enhancement in the carrier mobility, photocurrent, charge carrier lifetime, and solar cell performance in the 60 ± 5 °C temperature range. In this temperature range, perovskite crystal exhibits a highly symmetrical relaxed cubic structure with well-aligned domains that are perpendicular to a principal axis, thereby remarkably improving the device operation. This finding provides a new key variable component and paves the way toward using perovskite crystals in highly efficient photovoltaic cells.

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