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Arthritis Res Ther. 2016 Dec 13;18(1):294.

Serum IL-33, a new marker predicting response to rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

1
Université Paris 06, AP-HP St-Antoine hospital, Rheumatology Department, INSERM UMRS_938, DHU i2B, Paris, France. jeremie.sellam@aphp.fr.
2
Service de Rhumatologie, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, 184 rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, Paris, 75012, France. jeremie.sellam@aphp.fr.
3
Université Paris-Sud, AP-HP Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, Rheumatology Department, Center for Immunology of Viral Infections and Autoimmune Diseases INSERM U1184, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.
4
Université Paris 06, AP-HP St-Antoine hospital, Rheumatology Department, INSERM UMRS_938, DHU i2B, Paris, France.
5
Biological Immunology Department, ERTICa Research Group, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, EA4677, France.
6
Rheumatology Department, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Roma, Italy.
7
NIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK and Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
8
Rheumatology Department, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
9
AP-HP Bicêtre Hospital, Biological Immunology Department, INSERM U1184, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.
10
Department of Rheumatology - Hôpital Cochin, Paris Descartes University, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, INSERM (U1153), Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, PRES Sorbonne Paris-Cité, Paris, France.
11
Université Paris-Sud, AP-HP Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, Rheumatology Department, Center for Immunology of Viral Infections and Autoimmune Diseases INSERM U1184, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. xavier.mariette@aphp.fr.
12
Service de Rhumatologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, 78 rue du Général Leclerc, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, 94275, France. xavier.mariette@aphp.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent works have suggested a possible link between interleukin (IL)-33 and B-cell biology. We aimed to study the possible association between serum IL-33 detection and response to rituximab (RTX) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in different cohorts with an accurate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

METHODS:

Serum IL-33, rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), and high serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G levels were assessed in 111 RA patients receiving a first course of 2 g RTX (cohort 1) in an observational study and in 74 RA patients treated with the same schedule in routine care (cohort 2). Univariate and multivariate analyses identified factors associated with a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response at 24 weeks.

RESULTS:

At week 24, 84/111 (76%) and 54/74 (73%) patients reached EULAR response in cohorts 1 and 2, respectively. Serum IL-33 was detectable in only 33.5% of the patients. In the combined cohorts, the presence of RF or anti-CCP (odds ratio (OR) 3.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13-9.46; p = 0.03), high serum IgG (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.01-5.33; p = 0.048), and detectable serum IL-33 (OR 2.40, 95% CI 1.01-5.72; p = 0.047) were all associated with RTX response in multivariate analysis. The combination of these three factors increased the likelihood of response to RTX. When serum IL-33 detection was added to seropositivity and serum IgG level, 100% of the patients with the three risk factors (corresponding to 9% of the population) responded to RTX (OR versus patients with none of the three risk factors 29.61, 95% CI 1.30-674.79; p = 0.034).

CONCLUSION:

Detectable serum IL-33 may predict clinical response to RTX independently of, and synergistically with, auto-antibodies and serum IgG level.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT01126541 ; 18 May 2010.

KEYWORDS:

B-cell; Interleukin 33; Personalized medicine; Rheumatoid arthritis; Rituximab

PMID:
27964756
PMCID:
PMC5154136
DOI:
10.1186/s13075-016-1190-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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