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Postgrad Med. 2017 Mar;129(2):187-192. doi: 10.1080/00325481.2017.1272398. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Prevalence, clinical characteristics and echocardiography parameters of non-resistant, resistant and refractory hypertension in Chinese.

Author information

1
a Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine , The University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital , Shenzhen , China.
2
b Division of Radiology, Department of Medicine , The University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital , Shenzhen , China.
3
c Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine , The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital , Hong Kong , China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Refractory and resistant hypertension is defined as hypertension that is uncontrolled despite the use of multiple antihypertensives. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence, both in young and elderly, and the pattern of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in South-Eastern Chinese patients with refractory, resistant and non-resistant hypertension.

METHODS:

A total of 1455 patients (age 60.3 ± 13.9, male 55.7%) with essential hypertension were recruited. Refractory hypertension was defined as uncontrolled blood pressure (systolic/diastolic, ≥140/90 mm Hg) on ≥5 antihypertensive drug classes. Resistant hypertension was defined as uncontrolled blood pressure (systolic/diastolic, ≥140/90 mm Hg) on 3 or <140/90 mm Hg on ≥4 antihypertensive classes.

RESULTS:

Among the total population, 1273 (87.4%) patients were considered non-resistant hypertension; 170 (11.7%) with resistant hypertension and 12 (0.8%) with refractory hypertension. The prevalence of the three groups of hypertension were similar between patients age <60 or ≥60. Patients with refractory hypertension had the most dilated LV dimension, greatest left ventricular mass index and highest prevalence of diastolic dysfunction than patients with resistant and non-resistant hypertension. In particular, all patients with refractory hypertension had either concentric or eccentric LVH.

CONCLUSIONS:

In South-Eastern Chinese patients, the prevalence of refractory and resistant hypertension was 0.8% and 11.7%, respectively. Furthermore, no difference was observed in the hypertensive patterns between patients age <60 and ≥60. Importantly, patients with refractory hypertension had the worst LV remodeling with all suffering from either concentric or eccentric hypertrophy.

KEYWORDS:

Resistant hypertension; echocardiography parameters; prevalence in South-Eastern Chinese; refractory hypertension

PMID:
27960613
DOI:
10.1080/00325481.2017.1272398
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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