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Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2016 Oct;36(5):415-420. doi: 10.14639/0392-100X-702.

Severe to profound deafness may be associated with MYH9-related disease: report of 4 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation and University of Pavia, Italy.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation and University of Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

in English, Italian

MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare genetic syndromic disorder characterised by congenital thrombocytopenia and is associated with the risk of developing progressive sensorineural hearing loss, nephropathy and presenile cataracts during childhood or adult life. All consecutive patients enrolled in the Italian Registry for MYH9-RD with severe to profound deafness were included in a retrospective study. The study population involved 147 Italian patients with MYH9-RD: hearing loss was identified in 52% of cases and only 4 patients (6%) presented severe to profound deafness at a mean age of 33 years. Deafness was associated with mild spontaneous bleeding in all patients and with kidney involvement in 3 cases. Cochlear implantation was carried out in 3 cases with benefit, and no major complications were observed. Diagnosis was performed about 28 years after the first clinical manifestation of MYH9-RD, which was never suspected by an otolaryngologist. The clinical and diagnostic aspects of 4 patients with severe to profound deafness are discussed with a focus on therapeutic implications.

KEYWORDS:

Genetic syndrome; Hearing loss; MYH9

PMID:
27958602
PMCID:
PMC5225798
DOI:
10.14639/0392-100X-702
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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