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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:5867810. Epub 2016 Nov 13.

Simplified Tai Chi Program Training versus Traditional Tai Chi on the Functional Movement Screening in Older Adults.

Author information

1
Department of Sport and Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
2
School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
3
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
4
School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
5
School of Chinese Wushu, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
6
Department of Health Education and Physical Education, Springfield College, Springfield, MA 01109, USA.

Abstract

Background. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effect of two different types of Tai Chi programs on the Functional Movement Screening (FMS) in older adults. Methods. Ninety older adults (65.5 ± 4.6 years old) who met the eligibility criteria were randomized into three different groups based on a ratio of 1 : 1 : 1: a traditional Tai Chi exercise (TTC), a simplified Tai Chi exercise (TCRT), or a control group (routine activity). The FMS consisted of the deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg rise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability, which was used to measure physical function before the present study and after six months of Tai Chi interventions. Results. Seventy-nine participants completed the present study (control = 27, TTC = 23, and TCRT = 29). Significant improvement on the FMS tests between the baseline and after the six-month intervention was observed in both Tai Chi programs, whereas no significant improvement was observed in the control group. In addition, participants in the TCRT group demonstrated greater improvement than those in the TTC group. Conclusions. The TCRT is more effective in improving the physical function in older adults when compared to the traditional Tai Chi modality, particularly for improving balance.

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